If you've been in a situation where you have experienced personal harm or injury, the party that caused such harm to you could be held liable for damages. A suit filed against such a party is known as a personal injury case. Throughout the course of this brief guide, you will learn about three specific types of personal injury cases.  

Medical Malpractice

You can sue someone for medical malpractice if they meet one of two criteria. The first criterion involves a party falsifying their credentials as a physician or licensed health professional or otherwise posing as a physician or licensed health professional. This means, essentially, that someone is pretending to be a medical professional when they, in fact, are not. The second criterion occurs when a physician or licensed health professional does not mean the standards of their job or perform their job within reason. This usually means that a doctor has committed him- or herself to a lazy job. For example, if a doctor performed a surgery and absentmindedly left a piece of equipment inside of the patient's body, he or she could be held liable for damages under the category of medical malpractice.

Slip and Fall Cases

These cases occur when you have slipped and fallen at a place of business or on someone's property, and it was that business or property owner's fault. This is usually a matter of negligence on behalf of the business or property owner. A prime example of a slip-and-fall case is that of an employee mopping up an aisle at a grocery store. After mopping, the employee fails to place a sign warning customers and fellow employees that the floor is wet. If someone were to slip and fall on the wet floor, then the grocery store could very well be held liable for damages caused to the person who fell.

Defamation of Character

There are, generally speaking, two types of defamation of character. Slander means that someone has, in a public, media based forum (usually television or radio) verbalized a lie about you in order to defame or harm your character. Libel meets the same criterion, but the method of disseminating that information has changed. Libel means that you have disseminated this lie in print, whether through a print or digital medium. In either case, the person in question could be held liable for damages due to the harm caused to your character.  

If you believe you have been the victim of any of these forms of personal injury, it is highly recommended that you contact a local and trusted personal injury attorney (such as one from http://www.noblelegalservices.com).